Caravaggism in Photography
Caravaggism is a style of European painting of the baroque era, which is characterized by monumentalization of the everyday life through the interplay of lights and shadows. The founders of the style are Caravaggio and his followers. The interest to the accurate transmission of the nature features and emphasized realism are also inherent to this style.
Much attention is paid to the volume, namely to the pattern of lights and shadows in the picture, to the contrast lighting of figures in the foreground. The paintings are mainly dark, with usually a directional light that allows to produce a more dramatic effect.
To create this effect in photography, a hard light, that allows to make a contrast dramatic pattern and well-traced shadows, is mainly used. It is also possible to use one light source directed diagonally at an angle of 45 or 90 degrees, and this gives the opportunity to highlight the most important elements to emphasize the volume and shape of the subject or model. Stage light directed from below will enhance the dramatic effect.
However, this style is flexible enough and does not have a clear framework that allows you to connect a variety of devices and provides great opportunities for creativity.